Fibroids are noncancerous growths that form in the uterus. They are quite common in women of childbearing age and can sometimes interfere with fertility. Depending on their size and location, fibroids can cause difficulty conceiving, increase the risk of miscarriage, and even cause complications during pregnancy. However, not all fibroids affect fertility, and many women with fibroids Garden City can conceive and carry a healthy pregnancy.
Some of the most common causes of fibroids include:
- Genetic factors: Evidence suggests that genetics play a role in developing fibroids. You are likely to suffer from fibroids if you have a family history with this condition..
- Hormones: Estrogen and progesterone, two hormones that regulate the menstrual cycle, can stimulate the growth of fibroids. Fibroids tend to grow during high hormonal activity, such as during pregnancy or when taking hormonal contraceptives.
- Age: Fibroids are more common in women of reproductive age, typically between 30 and 50.
- Obesity: There is a correlation between obesity and the development of fibroids, as excess body weight can increase estrogen production.
- Other health conditions: Certain health conditions, such as endometriosis or polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), can increase the risk of developing fibroids.
The connection between fibroids and fertility
Here is the connection between fibroids and fertility:
- Fibroids can interfere with conception: Fibroids that grow inside the uterine cavity or near the fallopian tubes can make it difficult for sperm to reach the egg or for a fertilized egg to implant in the uterus, making it harder to conceive.
- Fibroids can affect blood flow to the uterus: Fibroids can cause inflammation and affect the uterus, making it more difficult for an embryo to implant or grow properly.
- Fibroids can cause changes in the shape or size of the uterus: Fibroids that grow in the muscle layer of the uterus, known as intramural fibroids, may cause changes in the shape or size of the uterus, making it more difficult for an embryo to implant or grow properly.
- Fibroids can cause miscarriage or preterm labor: Fibroids can disrupt the normal function of the uterus and cause contractions or premature labor, leading to miscarriage or preterm birth.
Here are some of fibroid treatment options you should know:
- Watchful waiting: If you have fibroids but are not experiencing any symptoms, your doctor may recommend a “watchful waiting” approach, where you monitor the fibroids and their growth over time.
- Medications: Several medications can help manage the symptoms of fibroids, including pain relievers, hormonal birth control, and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists. These medications can help shrink fibroids, reduce heavy bleeding, and alleviate pain.
- Myomectomy: A myomectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing fibroids while leaving the uterus intact. This can be a good option for women who want to preserve their fertility or have small to medium-sized fibroids.
- Hysterectomy: A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing the uterus and may be recommended for women who have severe symptoms or large fibroids that cannot be removed through other means.
If you have fibroids and are trying to conceive, you should discuss your options with your doctor at Women’s Healthcare of Garden City.